Most Common Birth Injuries
Usually, birth injuries are minor and are not a cause for serious alarm. The natural pressure and forces of labor and delivery can often result in benign injuries like:
- Swelling or bruising of the scalp
- Breakage of small blood vessels in the eye
- Bleeding underneath cranial bones
- Head molding, or an abnormal head shape
There’s likely no need to worry if these injuries are present in your newborn as most will resolve over time without any additional treatment.
Is Cerebral Palsy Always a Birth Injury?
The distinction between a birth injury and disorder depends on whether cerebral palsy is caused by congenital factors, meaning a baby was born with the disorder, or if it was caused by acquired conditions. If an infant acquired cerebral palsy then it occurred after the baby was born as a result of risk factors like:
- Brain infection
- Head injury
- Insufficient blood flow to the brain
If the injury occurred as a result of negligence, either due to the action or inaction of medical personnel, then it might be grounds for a medical malpractice lawsuit. By filing a lawsuit, you may be able to recover compensation to help cover the lifetime costs of your child’s ongoing cerebral palsy treatment.
Birth Defect or Birth Injury?
To better support your child it’s important to understand the difference between a birth defect and a birth injury. A birth defect is often an inherited disorder that occurs after conception or shortly before or during birth, while a birth injury is caused by factors right before or during delivery and may be preventable with proper medical care and attention.